Today we saw an issue after upgrading the forest level and domain level from 2008 to 2016 at a customer.
Soon after the upgrade admins started seeing problems when connecting with RDP to the domain management servers:
“A user account restriction (for example, a time-of-day restriction) is preventing you from logging on. For assistance, contact your system administrator or technical support.”
This is what it looked like:
The easiest way to fix this is to use remote PowerShell, since this is not restricted.
Start by checking if your admin account is a member of the Protected Users group:
$Cred = Get-Credential $Grp = Get-ADGroup -Identity "Protected Users" -Credential $Cred -Server dc01.e365m.local -Properties member $Grp.member | fl
Assuming your account is in the list generated by the previous commands you can remove the membership using the Remove-AdGroupMember command:
Remove-ADGroupMember -Identity "Protected Users" -Members myAdmAccount -Credential $Cred -Server dc01.e365m.local
With your membership of the ProtectedUsers group removed you can again log in using RDP and use the GUI tools to make any additional changes to Protected Users
Good luck to you
Source reference: https://www.easy365manager.com/a-user-account-restriction-is-preventing-you-from-logging-on/